In 1979, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) was enacted to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, after an earlier Supreme Court case, Gilbert v. General Electric, essentially held that pregnancy discrimination was not a form of sex discrimination. The PDA leveled the playing field for employees with pregnancy related disabilities and requires employers to treat “women affected by pregnancy, childbirth and related medical conditions” the same “for all employment related purposes” . . . as “other persons not so affected but similar in their ability or inability to work.” 42 U.S.C. §2000(k).
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